Effects of Natural Calamities on Heath: A Case Study of Flood Victim Area in Assam
Institute for Social and Economic Change, Bangalore
November 9, 2012
One of the most common hazardous natural calamities is flood, which threatened every year world-wide including countries like India. Flood occurs every year in different parts of India and swipe away most of the villages and towns. Flood has been the major problem of North-Eastern India where Assam is mostly affected. Its frequent occurrence devastates the livelihood of the people as well as animals. Due to flood the health condition of the masses also get affected very much. It is known that health is the wealth of every individual, so if health is lost then economy of the masses is also hampered, where physical health is the key indicator of the household income in most of the rural areas. Although the central as well as state government has taken several steps to compensate the flood victims but all the efforts have gone in vain.
The study is conducted in the Sonabari Ghat village in the Cachar district of Assam as every year the floods sweep away the villagers. These people are forced to reside on road side for several days. When the water level goes down the villagers return back to recollect their lives and in return, they are stuck by yet another nature’s agony i.e. the deadly epidemic diseases like malaria, high fever, typhoid, diarrhoea, skin disease, mental trauma, insect biting and injuries etc. Thus these kinds of diseases force them to become economically and physically handicapped for another several months. Thus it is very important to understand the problem of these villagers and their fight to become physically, mentally and economically fit in order to have a balance livelihood. The paper is based on primary data collected through a well structured schedule. A total of 125 residents are selected through purposive sampling technique. The primary data are collected from the flood affected residents/victims. Some informal interviews and discussions are also conducted to get better results.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 14
Keywords: flood victim, health, diseases
Date posted: February 7, 2013