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Quantitative Analysis of Gender Stereotypes and Information Aggregation in a National Election

9 Pages Posted: 11 Nov 2012  

Michele Tumminello

University of Palermo; Carnegie Mellon University - Department of Social and Decision Sciences

Salvatore Miccichè

University of Palermo - Department of Physics and Chemistry

Jan Varho

University of Turku

Jyrki Piilo

University of Turku

Rosario N. Mantegna

University of Palermo

Date Written: November 10, 2012

Abstract

By analyzing a database of a questionnaire answered by a large majority of candidates and elected in a parliamentary election, we quantitatively verify that female candidates on average present political profiles which are more compassionate and more concerned with social welfare issues than male candidates and the voting procedure acts as a process of information aggregation. Our results show that information aggregation proceeds with at least two distinct paths. In the first case candidates characterize themselves with a political profile aiming to describe the profile of the majority of voters. This is typically the case of candidates of political parties which are competing for the center of the various political dimensions. In the second case, candidates choose a political profile manifesting a clear difference from opposite political profiles endorsed by candidates of a political party positioned at the opposite extreme of some political dimension.

Keywords: candidate gender, information aggregation in voting, quantitative analysis of political profile

JEL Classification: D80

Suggested Citation

Tumminello, Michele and Miccichè, Salvatore and Varho, Jan and Piilo, Jyrki and Mantegna, Rosario N., Quantitative Analysis of Gender Stereotypes and Information Aggregation in a National Election (November 10, 2012). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2173980 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2173980

Michele Tumminello

University of Palermo ( email )

Viale delle Scienza
Palermo, Palermo 90128
Italy

Carnegie Mellon University - Department of Social and Decision Sciences ( email )

Pittsburgh, PA 15213-3890
United States

Salvatore Miccichè

University of Palermo - Department of Physics and Chemistry ( email )

Viale delle Scienze, Ed. 17
Palermo, PA 90128
Italy
+3909123899145 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.unipa.it/~salvatore.micciche

Jan Varho

University of Turku ( email )

Turku, 20014
Finland

Jyrki Piilo

University of Turku ( email )

Turku Centre for Quantum Physics
Department of Physics and Astronomy
FIN-20014 TURKU
Finland

Rosario Nunzio Mantegna (Contact Author)

University of Palermo ( email )

Dipartimento di Fisica
Viale delle Scienze, Edificio 18
Palermo, PA I-90128
Italy
+3909123899074 (Phone)
+3909123860815 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://ocs.unipa.it/Site/Rosario_Nunzio_Mantegna.html

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