Brief of Amici Curiae Thirteenth Amendment Scholars in Support of Plaintiff-Appellee and Affirmance

U.S. Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit, No. 12-2040

U. of Pittsburgh Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2012-31

36 Pages Posted: 16 Nov 2012 Last revised: 21 Nov 2013

See all articles by William M. Carter, Jr.

William M. Carter, Jr.

University of Pittsburgh - School of Law

Dawinder S. Sidhu

University of Maryland at Shady Grove

Alexander Tsesis

Loyola University Chicago School of Law

Rebecca E. Zietlow

University of Toledo College of Law

Date Written: August 1, 2012

Abstract

In the case of United States v. Hatch, the defendant in a hate crimes prosecution brought the first major challenge to the constitutionality of the Matthew Shepard and James Byrd, Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act of 2009. This amicus brief argues that the Act is constitutional under the Thirteenth Amendment

Keywords: Thirteenth Amendment, hate crimes, racial discrimination, disability, sexual orientation, Congress, enforcement clause power, Civil Rights, rationality standard, congruence and proportionality, private action, Jones v. Alfred H. Mayer Co., City of Boerne

JEL Classification: K19, K49

Suggested Citation

Carter, Jr., William M. and Sidhu, Dawinder S. and Tsesis, Alexander and Zietlow, Rebecca E., Brief of Amici Curiae Thirteenth Amendment Scholars in Support of Plaintiff-Appellee and Affirmance (August 1, 2012). U.S. Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit, No. 12-2040, U. of Pittsburgh Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2012-31, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2174499 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2174499

William M. Carter, Jr. (Contact Author)

University of Pittsburgh - School of Law ( email )

3900 Forbes Ave.
Pittsburgh, PA 15260
United States
412-648-1420 (Phone)

Dawinder S. Sidhu

University of Maryland at Shady Grove ( email )

9636 Gudelsky Drive
Rockville, MD 20850
United States

Alexander Tsesis

Loyola University Chicago School of Law ( email )

25 E. Pearson
Chicago, IL 60611
United States
312-915-7929 (Phone)

Rebecca E. Zietlow

University of Toledo College of Law ( email )

2801 W. Bancroft Street
Toledo, OH 43606
United States
(419) 530-2872 (Phone)
(419) 530-7911 (Fax)

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