Ahmedabad: More But Different Government For"Slum Free"And Livable Cities

99 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Patricia Clarke Annez

Patricia Clarke Annez

World Bank

Alain Bertaud

NYU - Stern Urbanization project; Bertaud consulting; World Bank - World Bank Institute (WBI)

Marie-Agnes Bertaud

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Bijal Bhatt

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Chirayu Bhatt

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Bimal Patel

Independent

Vidyadhar Phatak

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: November 1, 2012

Abstract

This paper analyzes real estate market dynamics over the past decade in the city of Ahmedabad, India, with a view to improving the living conditions of the large population living in slums. The paper combines census data, the National Sample Survey, and slum household surveys to review the demand side of the market. Satellite photography was used to estimate the production of both formal and informal housing over the past ten years. Analysis of the execution of the development plan for the Ahmedabad region and town planning schemes shows how the system of housing supply has evolved. These analyses are used to assess the feasibility of various approaches to achieving "slum free" cities, the goal of the Government of India's planned assistance program Rajiv Awas Yojana. The paper concludes that notwithstanding a substantial increase in public housing production in recent years, providing subsidized formal homes from government or through reservations for lower income groups in private developments would take more than a generation just to handle the current slum population -- representing one-third of households. Providing basic environmental infrastructure services in existing underserved neighborhoods -- a proven approach under the Slum Networking Program -- and bolstering infrastructure networks for the city to accommodate increased demand are affordable and feasible. Addressing issues such as rural-urban land conversion and ambiguous land tenure, and allowing flexibility for realistic building standards and increasing maximum floor space standards in certain neighborhoods can help to ensure a growing supply of housing that is affordable for moderate and low-income households.

Keywords: Housing & Human Habitats, Urban Slums Upgrading, Urban Housing, Urban Services to the Poor, Public Sector Economics

Suggested Citation

Clarke Annez, Patricia and Bertaud, Alain and Bertaud, Marie-Agnes and Bhatt, Bijal and Bhatt, Chirayu and Patel, Bimal and Phatak, Vidyadhar, Ahmedabad: More But Different Government For"Slum Free"And Livable Cities (November 1, 2012). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 6267. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2176030

Patricia Clarke Annez (Contact Author)

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Alain Bertaud

NYU - Stern Urbanization project ( email )

New York, NY

Bertaud consulting ( email )

166 Forest road
Glen Rock, NJ 07452
United States

World Bank - World Bank Institute (WBI) ( email )

Washington, DC 20433
United States

HOME PAGE: http://alain-bertaud.com

Marie-Agnes Bertaud

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

Bijal Bhatt

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

Chirayu Bhatt

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

Bimal Patel

Independent

No Address Available

Vidyadhar Phatak

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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