Estimates of Industrial Waterborne Residual Control Costs: A Review of Concepts, Methodology, and Results

Evaluation Techniques for Cost-Benefit Analysis of Water Pollution Control Programs and Policies, Senate Doc. No. 93-132, 93rd Cong., 2nd Session. Washington, D. C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, (with I. Gutmanis)

39 Pages Posted: 15 Nov 2012

See all articles by Steve H. Hanke

Steve H. Hanke

Johns Hopkins University - Department of Economics

Ivars Gutmanis

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: 1975

Abstract

This paper focuses on a series of studies that have attempted to estimate the costs of industrial water pollution abatement and that have been conducted or sponsored in the United States by the Environmental Protection Agency. These studies are critically examined and recommendations for their improvement are made. Social costs which include damages associated with various levels oi residual discharge, however, are not reviewed. Water pollution abatement costs resulting from control of pollutants discharged by households, by agricultural activities, by trade and by service sectors, are not included in this review. Nor have we presented here an analysis of water pollution abatement cost estimates prepared for various limited geographic areas in the United States, such as specific river basins. Exclusion of such cost studies from this review has a limited, if any, affect on our findings, because most of the costing methodologies used in those studies are very similar, or even identical, to cost estimates reviewed here. This, in turn, indicates that the national water pollution control cost estimation procedures discussed here are readily applicable to smaller geographic areas such as states, counties, or river basins, as indeed is the case.

Suggested Citation

Hanke, Steve H. and Gutmanis, Ivars, Estimates of Industrial Waterborne Residual Control Costs: A Review of Concepts, Methodology, and Results (1975). Evaluation Techniques for Cost-Benefit Analysis of Water Pollution Control Programs and Policies, Senate Doc. No. 93-132, 93rd Cong., 2nd Session. Washington, D. C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, (with I. Gutmanis). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2176538

Steve H. Hanke (Contact Author)

Johns Hopkins University - Department of Economics ( email )

3400 Charles Street
Baltimore, MD 21218-2685
United States
410-516-7183 (Phone)
410-516-8996 (Fax)

Ivars Gutmanis

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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