Persistence and Cycles in the US Federal Funds Rate

27 Pages Posted: 22 Nov 2012

See all articles by Guglielmo Maria Caporale

Guglielmo Maria Caporale

Brunel University London - Department of Economics and Finance; London South Bank University; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute); German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin)

Luis A. Gil-Alana

University of Navarra - Department of Economics

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: November 1, 2012

Abstract

This paper uses long-range dependence techniques to analyse two important features of the US Federal Funds effective rate, namely its persistence and cyclical behaviour. It examines annual, monthly, bi-weekly and weekly data, from 1954 until 2010. Two models are considered. One is based on an I(d) specification with AR(2) disturbances and the other on two fractional differencing structures, one at the zero and the other at a cyclical frequency. Thus, the two approaches differ in the way the cyclical component of the process is modelled. In both cases we obtain evidence of long memory and fractional integration. The in-sample goodness-of-fit analysis supports the second specification in the majority of cases. An out-of-sample forecasting experiment also suggests that the long-memory model with two fractional differencing parameters is the most adequate one, especially over long horizons.

Keywords: Federal Funds rate, persistence, cyclical behaviour, fractional integration

JEL Classification: C32, E43

Suggested Citation

Caporale, Guglielmo Maria and Gil-Alana, Luis A., Persistence and Cycles in the US Federal Funds Rate (November 1, 2012). DIW Berlin Discussion Paper No. 1255, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2178449 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2178449

Guglielmo Maria Caporale (Contact Author)

Brunel University London - Department of Economics and Finance ( email )

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London South Bank University ( email )

Centre for Monetary and Financial Economics
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CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

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German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) ( email )

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Luis A. Gil-Alana

University of Navarra - Department of Economics ( email )

Campus de Arrosadia
Pamplona, 31006
Spain

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