Electricity Consumption and Economic Growth: Analysis and Forecasts Using VAR/VEC Approach for Greece with Capital Formation

International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Vol. 2, No. 4, 2012

16 Pages Posted: 28 Jan 2013 Last revised: 3 Jul 2019

See all articles by Andreas G. Georgantopoulos

Andreas G. Georgantopoulos

National and Kapodistrian University of Athens; Panteion University of Athens - Panteion University of Political and Social Sciences

Date Written: November 21, 2012

Abstract

This paper tests for the existence and direction of causality between electricity consumption and real gross domestic product for Greece. The study examines a trivariate system with capital formation for the period 1980-2010. Robust empirical results indicate that all variables are integrated of order one and cointegration analysis reports that cointegrating relationship exists between the variables. VAR/VEC approach suggests that all variables return to the long-run equilibrium whenever there is a deviation from the cointegrating relationship and that unidirectional causal links exists running from capital formation and electricity consumption to RGDP in the short-run implying that the economy of Greece is strongly energy dependent. Forecasts for the period 2011-2020 indicate increasing consumption of electricity and positive growth rates from 2013. Policy makers will need to liberalise the electricity sector and to turn the economy towards renewable and natural gas sources in order to reduce imports of oil and coal dependency.

Keywords: Electricity Consumption, Economic Growth, Capital Formation, Cointegration, Greece

JEL Classification: Q43, C32, O55

Suggested Citation

Georgantopoulos, Andreas G., Electricity Consumption and Economic Growth: Analysis and Forecasts Using VAR/VEC Approach for Greece with Capital Formation (November 21, 2012). International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Vol. 2, No. 4, 2012, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2179243

Andreas G. Georgantopoulos (Contact Author)

National and Kapodistrian University of Athens ( email )

Greece

Panteion University of Athens - Panteion University of Political and Social Sciences ( email )

136 Sygrou
Athens
Greece

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