Educational Attainment Across Generations: The Role of Immigration Background

22 Pages Posted: 28 Nov 2012

See all articles by Deborah A. Cobb-Clark

Deborah A. Cobb-Clark

School of Economics, University of Sydney; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Trong-Ha Nguyen

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: December 2012

Abstract

This paper analyses educational attainment among immigrant and native‐born youth in Australia. We find that young Australians from non‐English‐speaking‐background (NESB) immigrant families have an educational advantage over their English‐speaking‐background (ESB) immigrant and Australian‐born peers. The educational advantages associated with immigrant parents’ higher educational attainment are counterbalanced by the disadvantages associated with immigrant families’ greater socioeconomic disadvantage, making endowment effects overall relatively unimportant in explaining the gap. Instead, most of the educational gap associated with immigration background stems from differences in the educational attainment of immigrant and native‐born youths with the same characteristics. While immigrant parents do not have an enhanced ability to transmit their own educational advantage to their children, they are more effective in shielding their children from some of the negative educational consequences of socioeconomic disadvantage. Finally, immigrant youths’ residential patterns convey substantial educational advantages to them.

JEL Classification: I20, J11, J13

Suggested Citation

Cobb-Clark, Deborah A. and Nguyen, Trong-Ha, Educational Attainment Across Generations: The Role of Immigration Background (December 2012). Economic Record, Vol. 88, Issue 283, pp. 554-575, 2012. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2181806 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1475-4932.12001

Deborah A. Cobb-Clark (Contact Author)

School of Economics, University of Sydney ( email )

606 Social Sciences Bldg. (A02)
The University of Sydney
Sydney, NSW 2006
Australia
61435061387 (Phone)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Trong-Ha Nguyen

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

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