Socio-Spatial Transformations, Suburbanisation, and Voting Behaviour in the Vilnius Urban Region

20 Pages Posted: 1 Dec 2012

See all articles by Rūta Ubarevičienė

Rūta Ubarevičienė

Delft University of Technology

Donatas Burneika

Lithuanian Social Research Centre

Maarten van Ham

Delft University of Technology - OTB Research Institute for Housing, Urban and Mobility Studies; University of St. Andrews; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Abstract

This paper analyses the interrelationship between the process of suburbanization and a changing political and ethnic landscape in the Vilnius urban region. The region surrounding Vilnius city is dominated by Polish identity residents while those who suburbanise into the region are mainly ethnic Lithuanians. This may lead to potential tension and conflicts in the region which may find its expression in the voting behaviour of residents of the region. Using data from the 1997 and 2011 municipal elections we found that the share of votes for the Polish party in the region decreases over time, while the absolute number of votes for this party increases. At the same time we find increasing voting activity in the suburban ring. The changing electoral behaviour can be regarded as an indicator of a growing ethnic identity. The voting results also identify the zones of the most intense changes in the electoral behavior and thus indicate areas of potential social tensions between two ethnic groups.

Keywords: suburbanisation, ethnicity, conflict, voting behaviour, electoral data, Lithuania

JEL Classification: D72, J15, R11, R14, R23

Suggested Citation

Ubarevičienė, Rūta and Burneika, Donatas and van Ham, Maarten, Socio-Spatial Transformations, Suburbanisation, and Voting Behaviour in the Vilnius Urban Region. IZA Discussion Paper No. 7012, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2183545

Rūta Ubarevičienė (Contact Author)

Delft University of Technology ( email )

Stevinweg 1
Stevinweg 1
Delft, 2628 CN
Netherlands

Donatas Burneika

Lithuanian Social Research Centre ( email )

A. Gostauto st. 11
Vilnius, LT-01108
Lithuania

Maarten Van Ham

Delft University of Technology - OTB Research Institute for Housing, Urban and Mobility Studies ( email )

P.O. Box 5043
2600 GA Delft
Netherlands
+31 15 278 2782 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.maartenvanham.nl

University of St. Andrews ( email )

North St
Saint Andrews, Fife KY16 9AJ
United Kingdom

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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