Analyzing China's Productivity Growth: Evidence from Manufacturing Industries
Ball State University - Department of Economics
City University of Hong Kong (CityUHK) - Department of Economics & Finance
Economic Systems, Vol. 36, No. 4, 2012
This article examines the growth attributes of manufacturing industries in China for the sample period of 1999–2007. The output growth of manufacturing industries classified under four groups and four regions is decomposed into four components of input growth, scale effect, technical progress, and technical efficiency change. A stochastic frontier model is applied to the translog production function to estimate technical efficiency. Despite the conventional argument that input growth and technical progress are important factors to output growth, the empirical findings show a significant scale effect but a weak technical efficiency change. The contribution to growth from labor has been replaced by human and physical capitals. Structural transformation in the industrial sector is evident, so as regional imbalances.
Keywords: China industries, Productivity, Efficiency, Technical progress, Stochastic frontier model
JEL Classification: L60, O14, O47, O53
Date posted: December 8, 2012