The Status of Human Security in the Occupied Palestinian Territories
35 Pages Posted: 9 Dec 2012
Date Written: January 2010
Based on the new concept of human security as adopted by the UNDP which considers both national as well as personnel security, including freedom from poverty, access to food and health care, this research has been articulated. It used various ways and means of collecting primary data, examining the World Bank, WHO, and UNDP, PCBS reports and their data bases, and other related Palestinian laws. In addition to interviewing of the related staff working in central and local governments to clarifying some aspects related to the issues presented in this paper. The study found that there are some positive aspects of Palestinian human security. For example there is an increasing transfer of compensations coming to PNA by employees who are working abroad. Increasing the ratio of total deposits in banks to the GDP, about a half of the Palestinians enjoying free health insurance programs offer by the UNRWA and the PNA budget, about 88.2% of the Palestinian households connected to water networks, and free and compulsory education up to ten grads. On the other side there are negative aspects of Palestinian human security such as the high unemployed rate, the average annual deficit of Palestinian budget is increasing, no control on the revenues paid by the Palestinians as customs fees, VAT, purchasing tax, oil fees and other taxes, which are under control of the Israeli occupation and both internal and external debt of PNA are increasing.
Keywords: Economic security, human security, Palestine
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