Theoretical Analyses of the Relationship between Poverty and Insecurity in Africa

13 Pages Posted: 10 Dec 2012 Last revised: 14 May 2013

See all articles by Aliyu Rafindadi Sanusi

Aliyu Rafindadi Sanusi

Ahmadu Bello University - Department of Economics

Hadiza Sani

Ahmadu Bello University (ABU) - Institute of Education

Date Written: December 9, 2012

Abstract

This paper examines the basis of the theoretical interrelationships between poverty and (violent) conflicts in the context of modern African societies that are characterized by weak institutions. The paper proposes a model in which interactions between poverty and weak institutions produce and sustain (violent) conflicts with declining welfare. The paper then examines the major sources of conflict within this model, and argues that permanent resolution of the conflict requires the simultaneous attainment of stronger and effective institutions and lower poverty levels. One implication of these results is that reducing poverty, or enacting new laws (that often only restrict political freedom without simultaneously strengthening the domestic institutions would exacerbate rather than resolve conflicts and is welfare-reducing. The paper therefore calls on governments to concentrate on strengthening the domestic institutions especially by reducing corruption and promoting transparency in law enforcement.

Keywords: Poverty, Conflicts, Violence, Institutions

Suggested Citation

Sanusi, Aliyu Rafindadi and Sani, Hadiza, Theoretical Analyses of the Relationship between Poverty and Insecurity in Africa (December 9, 2012). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2187095 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2187095

Aliyu Rafindadi Sanusi (Contact Author)

Ahmadu Bello University - Department of Economics ( email )

Zaria
Nigeria
+234 70 6565 6101 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.abu.edu.ng

Hadiza Sani

Ahmadu Bello University (ABU) - Institute of Education ( email )

Nigeria

HOME PAGE: http://www.abu.edu.ng

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