PCAOB Inspection Reports and Audit Quality

50 Pages Posted: 15 Dec 2012

See all articles by Katherine Gunny

Katherine Gunny

University of Colorado at Denver

Tracey Chunqi Zhang

Singapore Management University - School of Accountancy

Date Written: December 12, 2012

Abstract

With the creation of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (PCAOB), audit firm oversight shifted away from self-regulation to independent regulation. The inspections program is the central feature of the PCAOB. We examine whether PCAOB inspections are able to distinguish actual audit quality (as opposed to perceived) during the period inspected to better understand this important regulatory tool. We use three measures that proxy for actual audit quality: abnormal accruals, restatements, and the propensity to issue a going concern opinion. For triennially inspected auditors, we find that PCAOB inspections are associated with lower audit quality when the reports are seriously deficient (weaker results for deficient reports). More specifically, we find clients of triennially inspected auditors that receive a deficient or seriously deficient report are associated with significantly higher abnormal current accruals and clients of auditors that receive a seriously deficient report are associated with a greater propensity to restate. Our evidence is subject to the caveat that PCAOB reports for triennially inspected auditors do not capture the going concern aspect of audit quality. For annually inspected auditors, the results are conflicting and suggest PCAOB inspection reports do not distinguish audit quality during the period inspected for annually inspected auditors.

Keywords: PCAOB, Sarbanes-Oxley Act, audit quality

JEL Classification: M40, M41, M43, M49, G18

Suggested Citation

Gunny, Katherine and Zhang, Tracey Chunqi, PCAOB Inspection Reports and Audit Quality (December 12, 2012). Journal of Accounting and Public Policy, Forthcoming, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2189385

Katherine Gunny

University of Colorado at Denver ( email )

Box 173364
1250 14th Street
Denver, CO 80217
United States

Tracey Chunqi Zhang (Contact Author)

Singapore Management University - School of Accountancy ( email )

60 Stamford Road
Singapore 178900
Singapore

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