The Effects of 9/11 on Attitudes Toward Immigration and the Moderating Role of Education

26 Pages Posted: 15 Dec 2012

See all articles by Simone Schüller

Simone Schüller

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) - Ifo Institute; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA); FBK-IRVAPP

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Abstract

The major event of the 9/11 terror attacks is likely to have induced an increase in anti-immigrant and anti-foreigner sentiments, not only among US residents but also beyond US borders. Using longitudinal data from the German Socio-Economic Panel and exploiting exogenous variation in interview timing throughout 2001, I find that the terror attacks in the US caused an immediate shift of around 40 percent of one within standard deviation to more negative attitudes toward immigration and resulting in a considerable decrease in concerns over xenophobic hostility among the German population. Furthermore, in exploiting within-individual variation this quasi-experiment provides evidence on the role of education in moderating the negative terrorism shock.

Keywords: immigration, attitudes, education, September 11, terrorism

JEL Classification: F22, I21, J61

Suggested Citation

Schüller, Simone, The Effects of 9/11 on Attitudes Toward Immigration and the Moderating Role of Education. IZA Discussion Paper No. 7052, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2189790

Simone Schüller (Contact Author)

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) - Ifo Institute ( email )

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Munich, 01069
Germany

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

FBK-IRVAPP ( email )

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Trento, 38122
Italy

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