The Effect of Gender on Awards in Employment Arbitration Cases: The Experience in the Securities Industry

29 Pages Posted: 22 Dec 2012

See all articles by David B. Lipsky

David B. Lipsky

Cornell University - School of Industrial and Labor Relations

J. Ryan Lamare

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign - School of Labor & Employment Relations

Abhishek Gupta

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: January 2013

Abstract

In this article we analyze the outcomes of nearly 3200 awards issued in employment disputes settled by arbitration in the securities industry over the period 1986–2008. The large amount of litigation in the securities industry alleging discrimination by securities firms against the women they employ led us to hypothesize that women would do less well than men in these arbitration cases. Regression analysis reveals that the gender of the complainant and the complainant's attorney (but not the gender of the respondent's attorney or the arbitrator) had significant effects on the size of the awards. Regardless of the definition of the dependent variable, female complainants did less well than male complainants in these employment arbitration cases. In most estimates, the gender of the attorney representing the complainant also affected the size of the award: male attorneys obtained larger awards than female attorneys. We conclude that these gender differentials are more likely to be the consequence of employment conditions in the securities industry rather than biases in the arbitration process.

Suggested Citation

Lipsky, David B. and Lamare, J. Ryan and Gupta, Abhishek, The Effect of Gender on Awards in Employment Arbitration Cases: The Experience in the Securities Industry (January 2013). Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society, Vol. 52, pp. 314-342, 2013. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2192780 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/irel.12005

David B. Lipsky (Contact Author)

Cornell University - School of Industrial and Labor Relations ( email )

Ithaca, NY 14853-3901
United States

J. Ryan Lamare

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign - School of Labor & Employment Relations ( email )

504 East Armory Avenue
Champaign, IL 61820-6297
United States

Abhishek Gupta

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
0
Abstract Views
339
PlumX Metrics