Does Non‐Union Employee Representation Act as a Complement or Substitute to Union Voice? Evidence from Canada and the United States

19 Pages Posted: 22 Dec 2012

See all articles by Michele Campolieti

Michele Campolieti

University of Toronto at Scarborough - Division of Management

Rafael Gomez

University of Toronto - Centre For Industrial Relations

Morley Gunderson

University of Toronto - Department of Economics

Date Written: January 2013

Abstract

This paper examines two central questions related to non‐union employee representation (NER) in Canada and the United States. First, using Taras and Kaufman's (2006) four faces NER approach, we ask whether non‐union and union forms of voice act as substitutes or complements for employees at the workplace? Second, we ask whether non‐union forms of employee representation serve to deflect any latent desire for traditional union voice. We find that NER is negatively related to the presence of unionization at the workplace; it appears to reduce the desire to be unionized. This substitution effect proves to be stronger in Canada than in the United States.

Suggested Citation

Campolieti, Michele (Mike) and Gomez, Rafael and Gunderson, Morley, Does Non‐Union Employee Representation Act as a Complement or Substitute to Union Voice? Evidence from Canada and the United States (January 2013). Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society, Vol. 52, pp. 378-396, 2013, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2192782 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/irel.12007

Michele (Mike) Campolieti (Contact Author)

University of Toronto at Scarborough - Division of Management ( email )

1265 Military Trial
Scarborough, Ontario M1C 1A4
Canada

Rafael Gomez

University of Toronto - Centre For Industrial Relations ( email )

Toronto M5S 2E8
Canada

Morley Gunderson

University of Toronto - Department of Economics ( email )

150 St. George Street
Toronto, Ontario M5S 3G7
Canada
416-978-5398 (Phone)
416-978-5696 (Fax)

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