The Effect of Time Use in Explaining Male–Female Productivity Differences Among Economists

25 Pages Posted: 22 Dec 2012

See all articles by Colleen Flaherty Manchester

Colleen Flaherty Manchester

University of Minnesota

Debra A. Barbezat

Colby College - Department of Economics

Date Written: January 2013

Abstract

This study examines the opportunity cost of non‐research responsibilities on research output. Using a sample of early career faculty members who received their Ph.D. in economics, we consider the effect of two dimensions of time use on research output: (1) time allocation, or how time is divided between research and other duties and (2) time concentration, or how research time is distributed during the academic year relative to summer months. This second dimension has not been used in prior studies on research productivity; however, the inherent delays in the publication process as well as start‐up costs may imply that concentrating research time exclusively in the summer months reduces research output. We find that both dimensions of time use are significant predictors of peer‐reviewed publications and that time concentration is a significant predictor of submissions. We find gender differences in both dimensions of time use, which are attributable to gender differences in employment at research institutions and on‐going childcare responsibilities.

Suggested Citation

Manchester, Colleen Flaherty and Barbezat, Debra A., The Effect of Time Use in Explaining Male–Female Productivity Differences Among Economists (January 2013). Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society, Vol. 52, Issue 1, pp. 53-77, 2013. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2192786 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/irel.12011

Colleen Flaherty Manchester (Contact Author)

University of Minnesota ( email )

3-300R CarlSMgmt
Minneapolis, MN 55455
United States
612 625-9667 (Phone)

Debra A. Barbezat

Colby College - Department of Economics ( email )

Waterville, ME 04901
United States
207-873-4239 (Phone)
207-873-2314 (Fax)

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