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Open Educational Resources: Cases from Latin America and Europe in Higher Education

Compendium - Open Educational Resources: Cases from Latin America and Europe in Higher Education, Andreia Inamorato dos Santos,Cristóbal Cobo, Celso Costa,Niterói: CEAD-UFF, 2012.

80 Pages Posted: 23 Dec 2012  

Andreia Inamorato

Universidade Federal Fluminense

Cristobal Cobo

University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute

Celso Costa

Universidade Federal Fluminense

Date Written: 2012

Abstract

The term Open Educational Resources (OER) was coined in 2002 in discussions at the Forum on the Impact of Open Courseware UNESCO. It describes “the provision of educational resources on open license, enabled by information technologies and communication, for consultation, use and adaptation by a community of users with non-commercial purposes”.

In June 2012, Community OER and UNESCO celebrated 10 years in the area of Open World Congress of Educational Resources in Paris, where the Declaration REA Paris 2012 was formally adopted. This calls on governments around the world to establish the adoption of open licenses for sharing knowledge produced with public funds.

This trilingual Compendium (written in English, Spanish and Portuguese) aims to fill part of the need for institutionalized information, and aims to discuss in a clear, didactic and realistic way, the experiences of selected higher education institutions who have offered OER. This document provides a unique approach. It combines remarkable initiatives in the institutional development of REA in Higher Education institutions in the United Kingdom, the Netherlands and Spain with experiences from Higher Education institutions and universities from Brazil, Mexico, and Ecuador, which serve to enlighten the compendium with their innovative ideas and projects.

This document has been developed in close collaboration with experts, researchers and decision makers from more than 10 universities in order to provide a global perspective of the OER movement. Some of the more relevant trends identified in this study are exemplified by a broad range of initiatives, including: change in the organizational culture; flexible certification; new business models; middle term institutional strategy; incentives policy; use of non-commercial open source or self-develop platforms; focus on champions; decentralized – federated solutions; open standard, bibliometric criteria; search engine optimization; community building and peer-based collaboration; quality assurance; repurposing and licensing; and open publishing policies.

Keywords: open educational resource, education, OER, open educational practice, OEP, open knowledge, open source, creative commons

JEL Classification: H52, I00, I28, O33, O31

Suggested Citation

Inamorato, Andreia and Cobo, Cristobal and Costa, Celso, Open Educational Resources: Cases from Latin America and Europe in Higher Education (2012). Compendium - Open Educational Resources: Cases from Latin America and Europe in Higher Education, Andreia Inamorato dos Santos,Cristóbal Cobo, Celso Costa,Niterói: CEAD-UFF, 2012.. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2193109

Andreia Inamorato (Contact Author)

Universidade Federal Fluminense ( email )

Rua Miguel de Frias, 9
Icaraí
Niteroi, Rio DeJaneiro 24220-900
Brazil

Cristobal Cobo

University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute ( email )

1 St. Giles
University of Oxford
Oxford OX1 3PG Oxfordshire, Oxfordshire OX1 3JS
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://www.oii.ox.ac.uk

Celso Costa

Universidade Federal Fluminense ( email )

Rua Miguel de Frias, 9
Icaraí
Niteroi, Rio DeJaneiro 24220-900
Brazil

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