Desert Movement Predictor and Farmabooths: Two Earth Observation Based Applications for Pan-African Development

15 Pages Posted: 27 Dec 2012

See all articles by Ricardo Topham

Ricardo Topham

International Space University

Monica Ebert

International Space University

Stavros Georgakas

International Space University

Rafael Hernandez

International Space University

Christopher Johnson

Secure World Foundation; Georgetown University Law Centre; International Space University

Hemil Modi

International Space University

Jeffrey Osborne

International Space University

Date Written: October 4, 2012

Abstract

Self-sustaining communities throughout Africa rely on local agriculture rather than external sources. Meanwhile, desertification is a widespread problem caused by a combination of human and natural factors. While desertification has consequences that directly affect agriculture, health, urban planning, and water scarcity, it is known that increasing populations, food demands, and short-term economic interests lead to the overexploitation of resources and unsustainable agricultural practices which drive soil degradation and the destruction of ecosystems. In both of these areas, developing and developed African states can greatly benefit from space-based earth observation applications. Can these earth observation applications assist countries with little or no space infrastructure? As an outcome of the Space and Africa Team Project at International Space University's 2012 Masters Program in Strasbourg, France, this paper will present two innovative applications based on earth observation, and geared towards implementation throughout Africa. The Identifying and Developing Effective Applications of Space for Africa (IDEAS for Africa) team investigated two possible earth observation applications, and using three different African countries as examples, determined how these can be used to promote development across the continent. South Africa, Morocco, and Liberia were selected not only based on their respective levels of space development, but also because they differ geographically, socially, economically, and politically. Consequently, a broad comparative analysis can be performed. Due to the dissimilarity of these three states, analogies can be drawn to other African states at comparable levels of development. The paper will shows how space and the innovations of the space industry can benefit Africa by aiding development across the continent and improving the lives and opportunities of those who live there.

Keywords: International Space University, African Development, Space Applications, Remote Sensing, Farmabooths, Desertification

Suggested Citation

Topham, Ricardo and Ebert, Monica and Georgakas, Stavros and Hernandez, Rafael and Johnson, Christopher and Modi, Hemil and Osborne, Jeffrey, Desert Movement Predictor and Farmabooths: Two Earth Observation Based Applications for Pan-African Development (October 4, 2012). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2194053 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2194053

Ricardo Topham (Contact Author)

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Monica Ebert

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Stavros Georgakas

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Rafael Hernandez

International Space University

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Christopher Johnson

Secure World Foundation ( email )

1779 Massachusetts Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20036
United States
202-568-6214 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.swfound.org/

Georgetown University Law Centre ( email )

600 New Jersey Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20001
United States

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.law.georgetown.edu/faculty/christopher-d-johnson/

International Space University ( email )

1779 Massachusetts Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20036
United States
202-568-6214 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.swfound.org/

Hemil Modi

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Jeffrey Osborne

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

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