The Economics of Forced Migration

Journal of Development Studies, Forthcoming

32 Pages Posted: 4 Jan 2013

See all articles by Isabel Ruiz

Isabel Ruiz

University of Oxford - Harris Manchester College

Carlos Vargas-Silva

University of Oxford

Date Written: January 2, 2013


This article reviews the economics literature on the impacts of forced migration. The literature is divided into two parts: impacts on forced migrants and impacts on host communities. Studies exploring the impact of forced migration due to WWII suggest that the long-term impact is often positive. The literature for developing countries suggests that there are serious consequences of forced migration for those forced to migrate. These consequences range from worse labor market outcomes to less consumption smoothing. The impact on host communities seems to be mixed and there are winners and losers. The article provides suggestion for future research.

Keywords: forced migration, economic impacts

Suggested Citation

Ruiz, Isabel and Vargas-Silva, Carlos, The Economics of Forced Migration (January 2, 2013). Journal of Development Studies, Forthcoming, Available at SSRN:

Isabel Ruiz

University of Oxford - Harris Manchester College ( email )

Mansfield Road
Oxford, Oxfordshire OX1 4AU
United Kingdom


Carlos Vargas-Silva (Contact Author)

University of Oxford ( email )

58 Banbury Road
Oxford, Oxfordshire OX2 6QS
United Kingdom


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