Are the Job Flow Responses to Oil Price Shocks Asymmetric?

25 Pages Posted: 3 Jan 2013 Last revised: 18 Aug 2015

See all articles by Emir Malikov

Emir Malikov

University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Date Written: May 4, 2015


This paper investigates the dynamic responses of employment flows to oil price shocks for the U.S. Manufacturing sector in the post-1973 period. Using the latest available data and state-of-the-art econometric methods of estimation and inference, I formally test for asymmetries in responses of job flows to positive and negative oil price innovations --- an issue that has recently been brought into the spotlight of academic debate. In addition to the recently developed impulse response function (IRF) based Wald test, this paper suggests performing a nonparametric IRF-density-based test of asymmetry, which is unconditional of the magnitude of oil price shocks as well as able to account for their relative likelihood. This permits inference about a general tendency of asymmetries in impulse responses. I find strong evidence in favor of asymmetric responses of manufacturing job flows to oil price shocks both on the aggregate and industry group levels.

Keywords: Asymmetry, Job Creation, Job Destruction, Nonlinear, Oil Price

JEL Classification: Q43, C32, J63, L60

Suggested Citation

Malikov, Emir, Are the Job Flow Responses to Oil Price Shocks Asymmetric? (May 4, 2015). Available at SSRN: or

Emir Malikov (Contact Author)

University of Nevada, Las Vegas ( email )

4505 S. Maryland Parkway
Las Vegas, NV 89154
United States

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