Political Reservations and Women's Entrepreneurship in India

63 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Syed Ejaz Ghani

Syed Ejaz Ghani

World Bank

William Kerr

Harvard University - Entrepreneurial Management Unit

Stephen D. O'Connell

Emory University

Multiple version iconThere are 3 versions of this paper

Date Written: January 1, 2013

Abstract

This paper quantifies the link between the timing of state-level implementations of political reservations for women in India with the role of women in India's manufacturing sector. While overall employment of women in manufacturing does not increase after the reforms, there is significant evidence that more women-owned establishments were created in the unorganized/informal sector. These new establishments were concentrated in industries where women entrepreneurs have been traditionally active and the entry was mainly found among household-based establishments. The paper measures and discusses the extent to which this heightened entrepreneurship is due to channels like greater finance access or heightened inspiration for women entrepreneurs.

Keywords: Access to Finance, Gender and Development, Water and Industry, Gender and Law, Gender and Health

Suggested Citation

Ghani, Ejaz and Kerr, William R. and O'Connell, Stephen D., Political Reservations and Women's Entrepreneurship in India (January 1, 2013). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 6307. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2197678

Ejaz Ghani (Contact Author)

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States

William R. Kerr

Harvard University - Entrepreneurial Management Unit ( email )

Soldiers Field Road
Morgan 270C
Boston, MA 02163
United States

Stephen D. O'Connell

Emory University ( email )

1602 Fishburne Drive
Atlanta, GA 30322
United States

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