When Can Expected Utility Handle First-Order Risk Aversion?
Posted: 9 Jan 2013 Last revised: 5 Jan 2023
Date Written: September 24, 2014
Expected utility functions are limited to second-order (conditional) risk aversion, while non-expected utility functions can exhibit either first-order or second-order (conditional) risk aversion. We extend the concept of orders of conditional risk aversion to orders of conditional dependent risk aversion. We show that first-order conditional dependent risk aversion is consistent with the framework of the expected utility hypothesis. Our theoretical result proposes new insights into economic and financial applications such as the equity premium puzzle, the cost of business cycles, and stock market participation. Our model is compared to the rank-dependent expected utility model.
Keywords: expected utility theory, first-order conditional dependent risk aversion, background cycles, coward gambler, stock market participation, rank-dependent expected utility model
JEL Classification: D81, G10, G11, G12
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation