References (26)


Citations (1)


Footnotes (6)



Tie Strength, Embeddedness & Social Influence: Evidence from a Large Scale Networked Experiment

Sinan Aral

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management

Dylan Walker

Boston University

January 8, 2013

Understanding peer influence in networks is critical to estimating product demand and diffusion, creating effective viral marketing, and designing ‘network interventions’ to promote positive social change. But several statistical challenges make it difficult to econometrically identify peer influence in networks. Though some recent studies use experiments to identify influence, they have not investigated the social or structural conditions under which influence is strongest. We investigate the two most prominent network characteristics that may moderate social influence between peers - tie strength and network embeddedness. By randomly manipulating messages sent by adopters of a Facebook application to their 1.3 Million peers, we were able to identify the moderating effect of tie strength and embeddedness on influence. We find that both embeddedness and tie strength increase influence. Individuals experience a 0.6% increase in influence over their peers for each friend they share in common with that peer. As the number of common friends can be quite large, this effect is also economically significant. Individuals exert 125% more influence on peers for each affiliation they share in common, 1355% more influence on peers with whom they attended the same college, and 622% more influence on peers that live in the same current town. However, the amount of physical interaction between friends, measured by co-appearance in photos, does not have an effect. This work presents some of the first large scale experimental evidence investigating the social and structural moderators of peer influence in networks. The results could enable more effective marketing strategies and public policy more broadly.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 30

Open PDF in Browser Download This Paper

Date posted: January 9, 2013 ; Last revised: January 25, 2015

Suggested Citation

Aral, Sinan and Walker, Dylan, Tie Strength, Embeddedness & Social Influence: Evidence from a Large Scale Networked Experiment (January 8, 2013). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2197972 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2197972

Contact Information

Sinan Aral (Contact Author)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management ( email )
77 Massachusetts Ave.
Cambridge, MA 02142
United States

Dylan Walker
Boston University ( email )
595 Commonwealth Avenue
Boston, MA 02215
United States
HOME PAGE: http://www.dylantwalker.com
Feedback to SSRN

Paper statistics
Abstract Views: 6,053
Downloads: 1,379
Download Rank: 9,803
References:  26
Citations:  1
Footnotes:  6