Second Annual Institute for Investor Protection Conference, Behavioral Economics and Investor Protection, October 2012
13 Pages Posted: 9 Jan 2013
Date Written: 2012
The judicial view of a “reasonable investor” plays an important role in federal securities regulation, and courts express great confidence in the reasonable investor’s cognitive abilities. Behavioral economists, by contrast, do not observe real people investing in today’s markets behaving as the reasonable investors that federal securities law expects them to be. Similarly, the efficient market hypothesis (EMH) has exerted a powerful influence in securities regulation, although empirical evidence calls into question some of the basic assumptions underlying EMH. Unfortunately, to date, courts have only acknowledged the discrepancy between legal theory and behavioral economics in one situation, class certification of federal securities class actions. It is time for courts to address the gap between judicial expectations about the behavior of reasonable investors and behavioral economists’ views of investors’ cognitive shortcomings, consistent with the central purpose of federal securities regulation: protect investors from fraud.
Keywords: behavioral economics, reasonable investor, efficient markets, fraud on the fraud presumption, investor protection
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Black, Barbara, Behavioral Economics and Investor Protection: Reasonable Investors, Efficient Markets (2012). Loyola University Chicago Law Journal, Forthcoming. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2198033