The Road to Specialization in Agricultural Production: Evidence from Rural China

24 Pages Posted: 9 Jan 2013

See all articles by Yu Qin

Yu Qin

National University of Singapore (NUS) - Department of Real Estate

Xiaobo Zhang

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Date Written: October 1, 2012

Abstract

Because many rural poor live in areas far away from markets, we investigate whether better road access could help improve their livelihood and reduce rural poverty. We use three waves of a primary panel survey at the household level conducted in 18 remote natural villages in China to study how road access shapes farmers’ agricultural production patterns and input uses and affects rural poverty. Our results show that access to roads is strongly associated with specialization in agricultural production. In natural villages with better road access, farmers plant fewer numbers of crops, purchase more fertilizer, and invest more money in labor. In combination with such factors, road connections improve household agricultural income — in particular, cash income — and contribute to poverty reduction in the surveyed villages. However, better access to rural roads does not appear to bring about significant changes in nonagricultural income.

Keywords: road, agricultural specialization, input use, rural China, East Asia, Asia

Suggested Citation

Qin, Yu and Zhang, Xiaobo, The Road to Specialization in Agricultural Production: Evidence from Rural China (October 1, 2012). IFPRI Discussion Paper No. 01221, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2198039 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2198039

Yu Qin (Contact Author)

National University of Singapore (NUS) - Department of Real Estate ( email )

4 Architecture Drive
Singapore 117566
Singapore

Xiaobo Zhang

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

2033 K Street, NW
Washington, DC 20006
United States
202-862-5677 (Phone)
202-467-4439 (Fax)

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