Attentional Lapses Under Decision-Making: An Event-Related Potential Study

38 Pages Posted: 10 Jan 2013

See all articles by Boris Chernyshev

Boris Chernyshev

National Research University Higher School of Economics

Ivan Lazarev

National Research University Higher School of Economics

Maksim Ivanov

National Research University Higher School of Economics

Evgeniya Osokina

National Research University Higher School of Economics

Alyona Vyazovtseva

National Research University Higher School of Economics

Date Written: January 9, 2013

Abstract

The causes of everyday errors made by most people remain largely unknown. In order to investigate spontaneous lapses in attentional processing a new task was designed. This task creates an increased attentional load because it is based on impeded decision making involving both stimuli feature binding and response selection. Participants made errors in 9.6 ± 1.1% of trials and response omissions in 5.4 ± 0.7% of trials. In the ERP pattern the N1 and P2 peaks were well pronounced, while P3 peak was almost indistinguishable. The P2 peak was greater in trials with errors and response omissions compared to correct responses. The results obtained substantiate the hypothesis that attentional lapses may be a consequence of mind-wandering, which may compete with the overt task for the attentional resources.

Keywords: cognitive processes, event-related potentials, P2, attention, attentional lapses, response omissions, performance errors, mind-wandering

Suggested Citation

Chernyshev, Boris and Lazarev, Ivan and Ivanov, Maksim and Osokina, Evgeniya and Vyazovtseva, Alyona, Attentional Lapses Under Decision-Making: An Event-Related Potential Study (January 9, 2013). Higher School of Economics Research Paper No. 06/PSY/2012, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2198180 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2198180

Boris Chernyshev (Contact Author)

National Research University Higher School of Economics ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

Ivan Lazarev

National Research University Higher School of Economics ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

Maksim Ivanov

National Research University Higher School of Economics ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

Evgeniya Osokina

National Research University Higher School of Economics ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

Alyona Vyazovtseva

National Research University Higher School of Economics ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

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