Cross-Border Conversion of Companies in the EU: The Impact of the VALE Judgement

18 Pages Posted: 10 Jan 2013

See all articles by Dániel Gergely Szabó

Dániel Gergely Szabó


Karsten Engsig Sørensen

Aarhus University – Aarhus BSS, Department of Law

Date Written: January 9, 2013


The VALE judgement of the Court of Justice of the European Union has made it clear that the right to cross-border conversions is protected by the freedom of establishment, and should therefore be facilitated by the Member States. In addition, the Court introduced the principles of equivalence and effectiveness in the area of EU company law, thereby giving some guidelines about how the procedures for cross-border conversions should be enacted in the two Member States involved. However, a close examination reveals that these principles, although helpful in some ways, are also very open to interpretation and many questions are still left unanswered. The two main issues are 1) that the rules governing domestic conversion are not always suitable for cross-border conversions and 2) that there is likely to be a lack of coordination of the rules in the different Member States which will cause problems for a successful conversion. Especially to overcome the later problem a revival of the work on a 14th Company Law Directive would prove helpful.

Keywords: Cross-border conversion of companies, CJ VALE Judgment Case C-378/10, free movement, freedom of establishment

JEL Classification: K22

Suggested Citation

Szabó, Dániel Gergely and Sørensen, Karsten Engsig, Cross-Border Conversion of Companies in the EU: The Impact of the VALE Judgement (January 9, 2013). Nordic & European Company Law Working Paper No. 10-33, Available at SSRN:

Dániel Gergely Szabó

Independent ( email )

Karsten Engsig Sørensen (Contact Author)

Aarhus University – Aarhus BSS, Department of Law ( email )

Bartholins Allé 16, Building 1410, Room 246
DK-8000 Aarhus C

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