Design Principles for Renewable Energy Programs in Developing Countries

Energy & Environmental Science, 2012, 5, 9157-9162

Vermont Law School Research Paper No. 06-13

7 Pages Posted: 10 Jan 2013

See all articles by Benjamin K. Sovacool

Benjamin K. Sovacool

Science Policy Research Unit; Department of Business Technology & Development

Date Written: 2012

Abstract

This article introduces readers to the concept of energy poverty and the types of renewable energy technologies that can overcome it. It discusses the benefits of solar home systems, residential wind turbines, biogas digesters and gasifiers, microhydro dams, and improved cookstoves and the various mechanisms planners and policymakers have utilized to disseminate these technologies. Then, based on four years of field research studying programs in Bangladesh, China, Laos, Mongolia, Nepal, Sri Lanka, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Papua New Guinea, the article presents twelve lessons for how policymakers and development planners can improve future renewable energy projects. These lessons include selecting appropriate technology matched in scale and quality to the energy services communities desire, emphasizing affordability rather than installed capacity, and viewing communities and end-users as active participants in energy production and use rather than passive consumers.

Keywords: energy access, electrification, energy poverty, energy and development

Suggested Citation

Sovacool, Benjamin K., Design Principles for Renewable Energy Programs in Developing Countries (2012). Energy & Environmental Science, 2012, 5, 9157-9162; Vermont Law School Research Paper No. 06-13. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2198373

Benjamin K. Sovacool (Contact Author)

Science Policy Research Unit ( email )

Falmer, Brighton BN1 9SL
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://www.sussex.ac.uk/profiles/373957

Department of Business Technology & Development ( email )

Nordre Ringgade 1
Aarhus C, DK-8000
Denmark

HOME PAGE: http://pure.au.dk/portal/en/persons/id(fca10105-c4eb-4f0f-99a7-a354a8a8a47a).html

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