Gender and Racial Discrimination in Pay and Promotion for NHS Nurses

47 Pages Posted: 15 Feb 2001

See all articles by Stephen Pudney

Stephen Pudney

University of Essex - Institute for Social and Economic Research (ISER)

Michael A. Shields

University of Melbourne - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Date Written: December 1999

Abstract

For many years the NHS has been subject to allegations that gender and racial discrimination are a feature of the internal labour market for qualified nurses. This paper examines this issue with regard to the promotion process using 1994 survey data. We start by rejecting the assumption of covariate exogeneity inherent in the ordered probit model. A full simultaneous model is then developed which has important consequences for estimates of the influence of gender, ethnicity, training and career interruptions. We find evidence of significant differences in speed of promotion between gender and ethnic groups, which imply large differences in career earnings.

JEL Classification: C5, I1, J3, J7

Suggested Citation

Pudney, Stephen and Shields, Michael A., Gender and Racial Discrimination in Pay and Promotion for NHS Nurses (December 1999). IZA Discussion Paper No. 85. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=219868

Stephen Pudney

University of Essex - Institute for Social and Economic Research (ISER) ( email )

Wivenhoe Park
Colchester CO4 3SQ
United Kingdom

Michael A. Shields (Contact Author)

University of Melbourne - Department of Economics ( email )

Victoria 3010, 3010
Australia
+61 3 8344 4656 (Phone)
+61 3 8344 6899 (Fax)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
234
Abstract Views
1,826
rank
134,975
PlumX Metrics