Expectations of Returns and Expected Returns

52 Pages Posted: 12 Jan 2013 Last revised: 24 Jul 2021

See all articles by Robin M. Greenwood

Robin M. Greenwood

Harvard Business School - Finance Unit; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Andrei Shleifer

Harvard University - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); European Corporate Governance Institute (ECGI)

Date Written: January 2013

Abstract

We analyze time-series of investor expectations of future stock market returns from six data sources between 1963 and 2011. The six measures of expectations are highly positively correlated with each other, as well as with past stock returns and with the level of the stock market. However, investor expectations are strongly negatively correlated with model-based expected returns. We reconcile the evidence by calibrating a simple behavioral model, in which fundamental traders require a premium to accommodate expectations shocks from extrapolative traders, but markets are not efficient.

Suggested Citation

Greenwood, Robin M. and Shleifer, Andrei, Expectations of Returns and Expected Returns (January 2013). NBER Working Paper No. w18686, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2199762

Robin M. Greenwood (Contact Author)

Harvard Business School - Finance Unit ( email )

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Andrei Shleifer

Harvard University - Department of Economics ( email )

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Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
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HOME PAGE: http://www.economics.harvard.edu/~ashleife/

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

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European Corporate Governance Institute (ECGI)

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