The Effects of Management-Board Ties on IPO Performance
71 Pages Posted: 7 Feb 2013
Date Written: February 1, 2013
This paper studies the two potentially contrasting effects on IPO pricing and post-IPO operating performance of family ties as well as social ties the top management has with board members. While family ties may solve manager-owner conflicts of interests, they may also give rise to minority-shareholder expropriation and/or private benefits of control. Similarly, social ties may either create value or lead to entrenchment and excessive managerial power. Using q-analysis to measure the strength of top manager ties to board members, we find that IPO performance is positively related to the strength of social ties, but negatively to the strength of family ties. We also find that, controlling for social ties, board independence affects both IPO pricing and post-IPO operating performance. Further, we show that the association between IPO performance and ties depends on whether they are with inside or outside directors.
Keywords: Social tie, Family tie, Entrenchment, Alignment of interest, IPO performance, q-analysis
JEL Classification: G32, G34, L14
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation