Competitive Strategies for Brick-and-Mortar Stores to Counter 'Showrooming'
University of Texas at Dallas
Texas A&M University - Mays Business School
Jagmohan S. Raju
University of Pennsylvania - Marketing Department
January 14, 2013
Management Science, Forthcoming
Customers often evaluate products at brick-and-mortar stores to identify their “best fit” product but buy it for a lower price at a competing online retailer. This free-riding behavior by customers is referred to as “showrooming” and we show that this is detrimental to the profits of the brick-and-mortar stores. We first analyze price matching as a short-term strategy to counter showrooming. Since customers purchase from the store at lower than store posted price when they ask for price-matching, one would expect the price matching strategy to be less effective as the fraction of customers who seek the matching increases. However, our results show that with an increase in the fraction of customers who seek price matching, the stores profits initially decrease and then increase. While price-matching could be used even when customers do not exhibit showrooming behavior, we find that it is more effective when customers do showrooming. We then study exclusivity of product assortments as a long-term strategy to counter showrooming. This strategy can be implemented in two different ways. One, by arranging for exclusivity of known brands (e.g. Macy’s has such an arrangement with Tommy Hilfiger), or, two, through creation of store brands at the brick-and-mortar store (T.J.Maxx uses a large number of store brands). Our analysis suggests that implementing exclusivity through store brands is better than exclusivity through known brands when the product category has few digital attributes. However, when customers do not showroom, the known brand strategy dominates the store brand strategy.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 47
Keywords: retailing, showrooming, competition, pricing, game theory, competitive strategy
JEL Classification: L81, M31, C72, D43
Date posted: January 15, 2013 ; Last revised: February 10, 2017