Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=2200492
 
 

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Estimating the Price Elasticity of Beer: Meta-Analysis of Data with Heterogeneity, Dependence, and Publication Bias


Jon P. Nelson


Pennsylvania State University - College of the Liberal Arts - Department of Economic

January 14, 2013


Abstract:     
Precise estimates of price elasticities are important for alcohol tax policy. Using meta-analysis, this paper corrects average beer elasticities for heterogeneity, dependence, and publication selection bias. A sample of 191 estimates is obtained from 114 primary studies. Simple and weighted means are reported. Dependence is addressed by restricting the number of estimates per study, author-restricted samples, and author-specific variables. Publication bias is addressed using a funnel graph, trim-and-fill, and Egger’s intercept model. Heterogeneity and selection bias are examined jointly in meta-regressions containing moderator variables for econometric methodology, primary data, and precision of estimates. Results for fixed- and random-effects regressions are reported. Country-specific effects and sample time period are unimportant, but several methodology variables help explain the dispersion of estimates. In models that correct for selection bias and heterogeneity, the average beer price elasticity is about -0.20, which is less elastic than values used in alcohol tax policy simulations.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 27

Keywords: alcohol, prices, alcohol taxes, meta-analysis

JEL Classification: I120, I100, C10, C590

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Date posted: January 14, 2013  

Suggested Citation

Nelson, Jon P., Estimating the Price Elasticity of Beer: Meta-Analysis of Data with Heterogeneity, Dependence, and Publication Bias (January 14, 2013). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2200492 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2200492

Contact Information

Jon P. Nelson (Contact Author)
Pennsylvania State University - College of the Liberal Arts - Department of Economic ( email )
Kern Graduate Building
University Park, PA 16802-3306
United States
814-237-0157 (Phone)
HOME PAGE: http://econ.la.psu.edu/people/biographies/nelson_bio.shtml
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References:  61
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