The Intelligence of Ignorance in Self-Referential Systems
CYBERNETICS AND SYSTEMS, pp. 1555-1562, Robert Trappl, ed., Singapore: World Scientific, 1994
Proceedings of the Twelfth European Meeting on Cybernetics and Systems Research, Vienna, Austria, 5-8 April 1994
7 Pages Posted: 16 Jan 2013
Date Written: April 1994
Self-referential systems theory does not provide for a concept of intelligence. There is even a certain resistance to intelligence that seems to block any explicit exchange of concepts with artificial systems theory. The paper describes the intelligence service in self-referential systems as the self-referential and, hence, paradoxical switching from the self-reference of these systems to other-reference. How this might work is shown by means of G. Spencer Brown's calculus of indications and Heinz von Foerster's notion of double closure.
Keywords: George Spencer-Brown, Heinz von Foerster, intelligence, self-reference, systems
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