Who Does the Shopping? – German Timeuse Evidence, 1996–2009

19 Pages Posted: 16 Jan 2013

See all articles by Vivien Procher

Vivien Procher

University of Wuppertal

Colin Vance

Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (RWI)

Date Written: January 1, 2013


The labor force participation rate of women and men is converging in industrialized countries, but disparities nevertheless remain with respect to unpaid activities. Shopping for household maintenance, in particular, is a time-consuming, out-of-home activity that continues to be undertaken primarily by women, irrespective of their employment status. The present study employs panel methods to analyze, descriptively and econometrically, gender disparities in shopping behavior among couples using data from the German Mobility Panel (MOP) for 1996 to 2009. While women still shop more than men, we find evidence that the differential has narrowed in recent years, particularly among couples with children. Several individual and household characteristics are found to be significant determinants of shopping behavior, whereby employment status and children emerge as the most important single factors. In addition, the possession of a driver’s license coupled with unrestricted car availability increase each partner’s time in shopping.

Keywords: time-use, gender differences

JEL Classification: D13, J16

Suggested Citation

Procher, Vivien and Vance, Colin, Who Does the Shopping? – German Timeuse Evidence, 1996–2009 (January 1, 2013). Ruhr Economic Paper No. 393. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2200839 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2200839

Vivien Procher (Contact Author)

University of Wuppertal ( email )

Weihenstephaner Steig

Colin Vance

Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (RWI) ( email )

Hohenzollernstr. 1-3
Essen, 45128
0049-201-8149-237 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.rwi-essen.de

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