Real Earnings Management (REM) and Accrual Earnings Management (AEM) Around Seasoned Equity Offerings (SEOs) in Australia and Subsequent Operating Earnings Performance
65 Pages Posted: 17 Jan 2013
Date Written: January 17, 2013
The paper examines the existence of real earnings management (REM) and accrual earnings management (AEM) around seasoned equity offerings (SEOs) undertaken by Australian firms. We also investigate the subsequent operating earnings performance of the SEO firms that engaged in earnings manipulation and undertake SEOs. Prior studies document the presence of earnings management using univariate tests; however, we provide the first evidence employing both univariate and multivariate tests of the existence and consequences of REM and AEM around the SEOs. We find that managers of Australian SEO firms tend to engage in REM and AEM in the SEO-years, and earnings management activity is greater in these years relative to non-SEO firms and in comparison to the non-issuing years of SEO firms. In addition, consistent with prior evidence, we find that SEO firms performs substantially negatively in the post-SEO period, and SEO firms that engaged in REM and/or AEM underperform significantly those that don’t in the post-offering period. However, we document a non-linear earnings management effect, with SEO firms that engaged in greater levels of REM and undertake SEOs having significantly higher subsequent operating performance.
Keywords: Seasoned equity offerings (SEOs), Real earnings management (REM), Accrual earnings management (AEM), Subsequent operating performance
JEL Classification: G32, M41
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation