Gender Inequality in North East India

PCC Journal of Economics and Commerce, Vol.7, pp.1-13.

18 Pages Posted: 17 Jan 2013 Last revised: 11 Apr 2017

See all articles by Bidisha Mahanta

Bidisha Mahanta

Doomdooma College

Purusottam Nayak

North-Eastern Hill University

Date Written: January 17, 2013


The present paper is an attempt to analyze the status of gender inequality in North East India using various indicators based on secondary data. The study reveals that the northeast is better off than that of the nation as a whole in terms of gender equality. However inequality between women and men exists in the region in spite of the predominance of various ethnic groups who by and large do not believe in sex discrimination. The study reveals that women are relatively disempowered and enjoy somewhat lower status than that of men in the region. Gender gap exists in terms of access to education, employment and health. A large gender gap exists in political participation both at the levels of state and nation. Among the northeastern states, Meghalaya, Manipur and Mizoram show relatively lesser degree of gender inequality in terms of work participation, literacy, infant mortality and sex ratio. The situation is however adverse in case of Tripura, Assam and Sikkim. The study concludes with an observation that access to education, employment and health are only the enabling factors that may not guarantee the achievement towards the goal, which however, largely depends on the mindset of the people.

Suggested Citation

Mahanta, Bidisha and Nayak, Purusottam, Gender Inequality in North East India (January 17, 2013). PCC Journal of Economics and Commerce, Vol.7, pp.1-13. , Available at SSRN: or

Bidisha Mahanta

Doomdooma College


Purusottam Nayak (Contact Author)

North-Eastern Hill University ( email )

Department of Economics
Shillong, Meghalaya 793022
91-364-2723183 (Phone)


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