Post-Referendum Sudan: The Nation-Building Project and Its Challenges
Zambakari, C. (2012). Post-Referendum Sudan: The Nation-Building Project and Its Challenges. Rutgers Journal of Law & Public Policy, 9(3), 505-544.
40 Pages Posted: 11 Apr 2017
Date Written: May 1, 2012
On July 09th, 2011, the world recognized the newly independence Republic of Southern Sudan. Since the Referendum on self-determination is behind, it is necessary to think about the project of nation-building that lies ahead. This essay is divided into three sections covering: the Sudanese colonial state, political violence, and political reform. In the first section, the paper focuses on the institutional legacy of Indirect Rule in South Sudan. In the second section, attention turns to issues driving political violence and grievances of the marginalized areas. The dilemma will be illustrated by looking at the surge in political violence in the Disputed Regions as reflective of the dilemma that faces both North and South Sudan in a post referendum era. In the last section of the paper, I argue that the way out of the current predicament in the Disputed Areas, building a more inclusive political community in the North and South that respects unity in diversity, is contained in the conceptual framework known as the New Sudan, as articulated by the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A). I will further argue that a successful nation-building project will depend on how the Government of South Sudan (GOSS) and the Government of Sudan (GOS) manage to build a more inclusive state, which addresses the citizenship question.
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