Immigrant Workers and Farm Performance: Evidence from Matched Employer-Employee Data

46 Pages Posted: 19 Jan 2013

See all articles by Nikolaj Malchow-Moeller

Nikolaj Malchow-Moeller

Copenhagen Business School - Center for Economic and Business Research (CEBR); University of Southern Denmark

Jakob Roland Munch

University of Copenhagen - Department of Economics; Center for Economic and Business Research (CEBR)

Claus Seidelin

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Jan Rose Skaksen

Copenhagen Business School - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Abstract

Many developed countries have recently experienced a significant inflow of immigrants in the agricultural sector. At the same time, the sector is still in a process of structural transformation resulting in fewer but bigger and presumably more efficient farms. In this paper, we exploit detailed matched employer-employee data for the entire population of Danish farms in the period 1980-2008 to analyze the micro-level relationship between these two developments. We find that farms that employ immigrants tend to be both larger and at least as productive as other farms. Furthermore, an increased use of immigrants is found to be associated with an improvement in farm performance as measured by job creation and revenue, and this seems at least in part to reflect a causal effect of the immigrants.

Keywords: immigration, agriculture, matched employer-employee data

JEL Classification: J61, J43

Suggested Citation

Malchow-Moeller, Nikolaj and Munch, Jakob Roland and Seidelin, Claus and Skaksen, Jan Rose, Immigrant Workers and Farm Performance: Evidence from Matched Employer-Employee Data. IZA Discussion Paper No. 7133. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2203323

Nikolaj Malchow-Moeller (Contact Author)

Copenhagen Business School - Center for Economic and Business Research (CEBR) ( email )

Solbjerg Plads 3
Copenhagen, DK-2000
Denmark

University of Southern Denmark

Campusvej 55
DK-5230 Odense, 5000
Denmark

Jakob Roland Munch

University of Copenhagen - Department of Economics ( email )

Ă˜ster Farimagsgade 5
Bygning 26
1353 Copenhagen K.
Denmark
+45 35323019 (Phone)
+45 35323000 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.econ.ku.dk/Faculty_And_Staff/showID.asp?profile_id=1260

Center for Economic and Business Research (CEBR)

Porcelaenshaven, Bldg 65
DK-2000 Frederiksberg
Denmark

Claus Seidelin

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Jan Rose Skaksen

Copenhagen Business School - Department of Economics ( email )

Solbjerg Plads 3
Frederiksberg C, DK - 2000
Denmark
+45 38152582 (Phone)
+45 3815 2576 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://old.cbs.dk/staff/janroseskaksen/

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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