How Do Tougher Immigration Measures Impact Unauthorized Immigrants?

40 Pages Posted: 19 Jan 2013

See all articles by Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes

Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes

San Diego State University - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Thitima Puttitanun

San Diego State University

Ana Martinez-Donate

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Abstract

The recent impetus of tougher immigration-related measures passed at the state-level raises concerns about the impact of such measures on the migration experience, trajectory and future plans of unauthorized immigrants. In a recent and unique survey of Mexican unauthorized immigrants interviewed upon their voluntary return or deportation to Mexico, almost a third reports experiencing difficulties in obtaining social or government services, finding legal assistance or obtaining health care services. Additionally, half of them report fearing deportation despite all of them being unauthorized.When we assess how the enactment of punitive measures against unauthorized immigrants, such as E-Verify mandates, has impacted their migration experience, we find no evidence of a statistically significant association between these measures and the difficulties reported by unauthorized immigrants in accessing a variety of services. However, the enactment of these mandates infuses deportation fear and reduces inter-state mobility among voluntary returnees during their last migration spell, and helps curb deportees' intent to return to the United States in the near future.

Keywords: immigration, policy, undocumented, illegal, unauthorized, Mexico

JEL Classification: F22, O15

Suggested Citation

Amuedo-Dorantes, Catalina and Puttitanun, Thitima and Martinez-Donate, Ana, How Do Tougher Immigration Measures Impact Unauthorized Immigrants?. IZA Discussion Paper No. 7134. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2203324

Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes (Contact Author)

San Diego State University - Department of Economics ( email )

5500 Campanile Drive
San Diego, CA 92182
United States
619-594-1663 (Phone)
619-594-5062 (Fax)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Thitima Puttitanun

San Diego State University ( email )

San Diego, CA 92182-0763
United States

Ana Martinez-Donate

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

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