Individual and Developmental Differences in the Relationship of Preferences and Theory of Mind

22 Pages Posted: 22 Jan 2013

See all articles by Kristina Leipold

Kristina Leipold

Dresden University of Technology

Nora C. Vetter

Dresden University of Technology

Marcus Dittrich

Deggendorf Institute of Technology; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Marco Lehmann-Waffenschmidt

Dresden University of Technology - Faculty of Economics and Business Management

Matthias Kliegel

University of Geneva

Date Written: December 28, 2012

Abstract

Theory of mind and individual preferences are important determinants in social decision making. The current study examined in a large sample whether being a cooperative preference type is related with better theory of mind skills. Furthermore, by testing adolescents and adults, we examined the impact of age on this relation. Theory of mind is measured in a Public Goods Game. Results indicate that the cooperative type predicted other players. preference types more accurately in the first round of the Public Goods Game. Regarding age differences, cooperative adults estimated the behavior of players of the same type better than cooperative adolescents. Adolescents show lower cooperation levels and a slower adaption of behavior than adults indicating ongoing development of theory of mind in adolescence.

Keywords: theory of mind, social preferences, cooperative behavior, public goods game

JEL Classification: C91, D03, D83, H42

Suggested Citation

Leipold, Kristina and Vetter, Nora C. and Dittrich, Marcus and Lehmann-Waffenschmidt, Marco and Kliegel, Matthias, Individual and Developmental Differences in the Relationship of Preferences and Theory of Mind (December 28, 2012). CESifo Working Paper Series No. 4053. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2204970

Kristina Leipold

Dresden University of Technology ( email )

Faculty of Economics and Business Administration
Dresden, 01062
Germany

Nora C. Vetter

Dresden University of Technology ( email )

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Dresden
Germany

Marcus Dittrich (Contact Author)

Deggendorf Institute of Technology ( email )

Edlmairstraße 6 und 8
Deggendorf, Bavaria 94469
Germany

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) ( email )

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

Marco Lehmann-Waffenschmidt

Dresden University of Technology - Faculty of Economics and Business Management ( email )

Mommsenstrasse 13
Dresden, D-01062
Germany

Matthias Kliegel

University of Geneva ( email )

102 Bd Carl-Vogt
Genève, CH - 1205
Switzerland

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