The Effects of 9/11 on Attitudes Toward Immigration and the Moderating Role of Education

26 Pages Posted: 23 Jan 2013

See all articles by Simone Schüller

Simone Schüller

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) - Ifo Institute; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA); FBK-IRVAPP

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Date Written: January 1, 2013

Abstract

The major event of the 9/11 terror attacks is likely to have induced an increase in anti-immigrant and anti-foreigner sentiments, not only among US residents but also beyond US borders. Using longitudinal data from the German Socio-Economic Panel and exploiting exogenous variation in interview timing throughout 2001, I find that the terror attacks in the US caused an immediate shift of around 40 percent of one within standard deviation to more negative attitudes toward immigration and resulted in a considerable decrease in concerns over xenophobic hostility among the German population. Furthermore, in exploiting within-individual variation this quasi-experiment provides evidence on the role of education inmoderating the negative terrorism shock.

Keywords: immigration, attitudes, education, September 11, terrorism

JEL Classification: F22, I21, J61

Suggested Citation

Schüller, Simone, The Effects of 9/11 on Attitudes Toward Immigration and the Moderating Role of Education (January 1, 2013). SOEPpaper No. 534, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2205063 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2205063

Simone Schüller (Contact Author)

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) - Ifo Institute ( email )

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