The Natural Topology of English

19 Pages Posted: 23 Jan 2013

Date Written: January 22, 2013


A sociopolitical explanation is offerred as to why the conventional received wisdom about English grammar has persisted so long among teachers of English, despite its well-known inconsistencies. The natural topology of all natural languages is, like those of the strings of symbols in a formal logical or algebraic expression, comprised of relational operators and conceptual operands rather than of subject and predicate. Use of the toplogy in the teaching of English as a second language is illustrated and a possible start at a formal model of semantics is introduced.

Keywords: language, grammar, logic, algebra, ESL

JEL Classification: B30, Z1

Suggested Citation

Brown, David, The Natural Topology of English (January 22, 2013). Available at SSRN: or

David Brown (Contact Author)

Independent ( email )

No Address Available

Register to save articles to
your library


Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics