The Effect of State Food Stamp and TANF Policies on Food Stamp Program Participation
Social Service Review Vol. 82 No. 2 2008
Posted: 24 Jan 2013 Last revised: 5 Feb 2013
Date Written: March 1, 2007
This paper uses monthly SIPP data from 1996 through 2003 and state-level policy data to measure the effects of specific food stamp and welfare policies, as well as the minimum wage and EITC, on the food stamp receipt of the low-income population. We find strong evidence that more lenient vehicle exemption policies, longer recertification periods, and expanded categorical eligibility increase food stamp receipt and that the use of biometric technology reduces food stamp receipt. We also find some evidence that more lenient immigrant eligibility rules, simplified reporting, implementation of the EBT program, and outreach spending increase food stamp receipt.
Keywords: poverty and safety net
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