The Effect of State Food Stamp and TANF Policies on Food Stamp Program Participation

Social Service Review Vol. 82 No. 2 2008

Posted: 24 Jan 2013 Last revised: 5 Feb 2013

See all articles by Caroline E. Ratcliffe

Caroline E. Ratcliffe

The Urban Institute - Labor and Social Policy Center

Signe-Mary McKernan

The Urban Institute - Center on Labor, Human Services and Population

Kenneth Finegold

The Urban Institute

Date Written: March 1, 2007

Abstract

This paper uses monthly SIPP data from 1996 through 2003 and state-level policy data to measure the effects of specific food stamp and welfare policies, as well as the minimum wage and EITC, on the food stamp receipt of the low-income population. We find strong evidence that more lenient vehicle exemption policies, longer recertification periods, and expanded categorical eligibility increase food stamp receipt and that the use of biometric technology reduces food stamp receipt. We also find some evidence that more lenient immigrant eligibility rules, simplified reporting, implementation of the EBT program, and outreach spending increase food stamp receipt.

Keywords: poverty and safety net

Suggested Citation

Ratcliffe, Caroline E. and McKernan, Signe-Mary and Finegold, Kenneth, The Effect of State Food Stamp and TANF Policies on Food Stamp Program Participation (March 1, 2007). Social Service Review Vol. 82 No. 2 2008. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2205808

Caroline E. Ratcliffe

The Urban Institute - Labor and Social Policy Center ( email )

2100 M Street, NW
Washington, DC 20037
United States
202-261-5548 (Phone)
202-463-8522 (Fax)

Signe-Mary McKernan (Contact Author)

The Urban Institute - Center on Labor, Human Services and Population ( email )

United States

Kenneth Finegold

The Urban Institute

2100 M Street, NW
Washington, DC 20037
United States

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