Romanian Position on the Military Invasion in Czechoslovakia in 1968
Journal of European Studies and International Relations, Vol. 1, Issue 1, 2010
10 Pages Posted: 26 Jan 2013
Date Written: June 25, 2010
In the nearly four decades of existence, the Warsaw Treaty Organization has faced many crises, one of them being the invasion of Czechoslovakia in August 1968 by the troops of five members of the alliance (Soviet Union, Poland, Bulgaria, Eastern Germany and Hungary). The moment of August 1968 is very important not only for the history of Czechoslovakia and the relations between member states of the Warsaw Pact, but also for the history of Romania and for the evolution of international relations in the postwar period, for the history of the Cold War. The position taken by Romania to the entry of “brotherly forces” in Czechoslovakia raised over time an entire debate, generating different opinions in this regard. On the one hand, the Bucharest leadership attitude was classified as an act of great courage in the given historical circumstances; on the other hand, there were views that the position expressed by Romania was just “a comedy of independence” which in fact, was based on an understanding with the Soviet Union. To understand and perceive correctly this episode in contemporary national history, this study attempts to provide a point of view as close to reality as possible, based on analysis of documents in the main archives in Romania, trying also to provide answers to a series of questions that still remain. What represented Romania's position regarding the events of August 1968? Was it courage, folly, a mistake under the sign of improvisation or a real management capacity of an international crisis? We will try to answer these questions in the following paper.
Keywords: Warsaw Treaty Organization, military intervention, Czechoslovakian crisis
JEL Classification: A23, K10
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation