Air Pollution and Infant Mortality: Evidence from the Expansion of Natural Gas Infrastructure

54 Pages Posted: 26 Jan 2013 Last revised: 3 Feb 2013

See all articles by Resul Cesur

Resul Cesur

University of Connecticut, School of Business - Dept. of Healthcare Economics

Erdal Tekin

Georgia State University - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Aydogan Ulker

Deakin University

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Date Written: January 2013

Abstract

Natural gas has emerged as an increasingly attractive source of energy since it is highly efficient, abundant, and cleaner than any other fossil fuel. In this paper, we examine the impact of widespread adoption of natural gas as a source of fuel on infant mortality in Turkey, using variation across provinces and over time in the intensity of natural gas utilization. Our estimates indicate that the expansion of natural gas infrastructure has resulted in a significant decrease in the rate of infant mortality. Specifically, a one-percentage point increase in natural gas intensity - measured by the rate of subscriptions to natural gas services - would cause the infant mortality rate to decrease by 3.9 percent, which would translate into approximately 340 infant lives saved in 2011 alone.

Suggested Citation

Cesur, Resul and Tekin, Erdal and Ulker, Aydogan, Air Pollution and Infant Mortality: Evidence from the Expansion of Natural Gas Infrastructure (January 2013). NBER Working Paper No. w18736. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2207271

Resul Cesur

University of Connecticut, School of Business - Dept. of Healthcare Economics ( email )

School of Business
2100 Hillside Road
Storrs, CT 06269
United States

Erdal Tekin

Georgia State University - Department of Economics ( email )

University Plaza
Andrew Young School of Policy Studies
Atlanta, GA 30303
United States
404-651-3968 (Phone)
404-651-4985 (Fax)

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Aydogan Ulker

Deakin University ( email )

75 Pigdons Road
Victoria, 3216
Australia

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