How Social Ties Affect Peer Group Effects: Case of University Students

34 Pages Posted: 27 Jan 2013 Last revised: 6 Oct 2015

See all articles by Oleg Poldin

Oleg Poldin

National Research University Higher School of Economics

Diliara Valeeva

University of Amsterdam - Amsterdam Institute for Social Science Research (AISSR)

Maria Yudkevich

National Research University Higher School of Economics

Date Written: October 6, 2015

Abstract

We study how the achievements of university students are influenced by the characteristics and achievements of peers in individuals’ social networks. Defining peer group in terms of friendship and study partner ties enables us to apply a network regression model and thereby disentangle the influence of peers’ performance from that of peers’ background. We find significant positive peer effects via the academic achievements of friends and study partners. Students’ grades increase with the abilities of study partners, who may or may not also be friends; no such effect is observed for friends who are not also study partners. Additionally, the effects of the abilities of other classmates are found to be insignificant. The results support the claim that peer influence acts mainly through knowledge-sharing channels between students who are connected by social ties.

Keywords: peer effects, higher education, student achievement, social networks

JEL Classification: I23, I24

Suggested Citation

Poldin, Oleg and Valeeva, Diliara and Yudkevich, Maria, How Social Ties Affect Peer Group Effects: Case of University Students (October 6, 2015). The final publication is available at Springer via DOI: 10.1007/s11162-015-9391-x . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2207666 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2207666

Oleg Poldin

National Research University Higher School of Economics ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

Diliara Valeeva

University of Amsterdam - Amsterdam Institute for Social Science Research (AISSR) ( email )

Amsterdam Roeterseilandcampus
Nieuwe Achtergracht 166
Amsterdam, 1018 WV
Netherlands

Maria Yudkevich (Contact Author)

National Research University Higher School of Economics ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
141
Abstract Views
1,029
rank
213,800
PlumX Metrics