From Man to Beast: Imprisonment and Social Death
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law; University of San Francisco
August 20, 2011
This essay draws on 78 interviews with men who were formerly detained at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to demonstrate that for many former detainees, the treatment they found particularly difficult to endure was that which threatened their self- and social-identities. Three forms of treatment particularly facilitated this threat. The first was treating detainees as something other than human, for example as an object or number. The second was isolating detainees from other humans, whether physically or through the creation of what I refer to as 'social islands.' Social islands seem to have emerged when detainees were kept apart from others who understand their culture and / or spoke their language, a practice that seems to have been as difficult for many men to endure as physical isolation. The third mechanism was sensory deprivation. The identity endangerment that resulted from these practices frequently contributed to an experience of social death. It was this experience of social death, both in Guantanamo and especially post-release, that many labeled the worst aspect of their imprisonment.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 13
Keywords: Guantanamo, detention, social death, torture, prison, isolation, identity
JEL Classification: K39, K19
Date posted: January 31, 2013