Meeting the Emerging Challenge of Breast and Cervical Cancer in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics, August 2012

Posted: 31 Jan 2013 Last revised: 8 Feb 2013

See all articles by Felicia Knaul

Felicia Knaul

Mexican Health Foundation; Harvard Global Equity Initiative

Afsan Bhadelia

Independent

Julie Gralow

Independent

Héctor Arreola-Ornelas

Fundación Mexicana para la Salud, A.C.

Ana Langer

Harvard University - T.H. Chan School of Public Health

Julio Frenk

Harvard University - T.H. Chan School of Public Health

Date Written: August 9, 2012

Abstract

Cancer, particularly when it affects women and reproductive health, epitomizes the complexities and inequities of the epidemiological challenge faced by low- and middle-income countries. Women in resource-poor settings face a double cancer burden: the backlog of preventable cancer, and the emerging challenge of cancers that cannot be prevented but whose impact could be dramatically reduced through early detection and treatment. Disparities in cancer incidence, mortality, and other health and non-health outcomes are exacerbated by gender inequity and compounded by discrimination and stigma. The combination of these barriers implies a multiplicative challenge for women who face cancer, particularly when the disease is associated with reproduction. The horizons of maternal and reproductive health should extend to include the life cycle of healthy changes and illness that are embodied in longer life for women. Numerous opportunities exist to strengthen health systems through sexual and reproductive and women and health platforms and better meet the challenge of cancer.

Keywords: cancer, reproductive health, low- and middle-income countries, cancer burden

Suggested Citation

Knaul, Felicia and Bhadelia, Afsan and Gralow, Julie and Arreola-Ornelas, Héctor and Langer, Ana and Frenk, Julio, Meeting the Emerging Challenge of Breast and Cervical Cancer in Low- and Middle-Income Countries (August 9, 2012). International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics, August 2012. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2209296

Felicia Knaul (Contact Author)

Mexican Health Foundation ( email )

Periférico sur 4809, El Arenal Tepepan, Tlalpan
El Arenal Tepepan, Tlalpan
Mexico, D.F., 14610
Mexico
(52) 55 56559011 (Phone)
(52) 55 56559082 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://http//www.funsalud.org.mx

Harvard Global Equity Initiative ( email )

FXB Building, Room 632
651 Huntington Avenue
Boston, MA 02115
United States
(617) 4327938 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://isites.harvard.edu/icb/icb.do?keyword=k62597&pageid=icb.page268594

Afsan Bhadelia

Independent

Julie Gralow

Independent

Héctor Arreola-Ornelas

Fundación Mexicana para la Salud, A.C. ( email )

Periférico sur 4809, El Arenal Tepepan, Tlalpan
México, D.F., 14610
México, 14610

Ana Langer

Harvard University - T.H. Chan School of Public Health ( email )

677 Huntington Avenue
Boston, MA MA 02115
United States

Julio Frenk

Harvard University - T.H. Chan School of Public Health ( email )

677 Huntington Avenue
Boston, MA MA 02115
United States

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